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Free Art License 1.3

[ Copyleft Attitude ]

Free Art License 1.3 (FAL 1.3)


The Free Art License grants the right to freely copy, distribute, and
transform creative works without infringing the author's rights.

The Free Art License recognizes and protects these rights. Their
implementation has been reformulated in order to allow everyone to use
creations of the human mind in a creative manner, regardless of their types
and ways of expression.

While the public's access to creations of the human mind usually is restricted
by the implementation of copyright law, it is favoured by the Free Art
License. This license intends to allow the use of a work’s resources; to
establish new conditions for creating in order to increase creation
opportunities. The Free Art License grants the right to use a work, and
acknowledges the right holder’s and the user’s rights and responsibility.

The invention and development of digital technologies, Internet and Free
Software have changed creation methods: creations of the human mind can
obviously be distributed, exchanged, and transformed. They allow to produce
common works to which everyone can contribute to the benefit of all.

The main rationale for this Free Art License is to promote and protect these
creations of the human mind according to the principles of copyleft: freedom
to use, copy, distribute, transform, and prohibition of exclusive


“work” either means the initial work, the subsequent works or the common work
as defined hereafter:

“common work” means a work composed of the initial work and all subsequent
contributions to it (originals and copies). The initial author is the one who,
by choosing this license, defines the conditions under which contributions are

“Initial work” means the work created by the initiator of the common work (as
defined above), the copies of which can be modified by whoever wants to

“Subsequent works” means the contributions made by authors who participate in
the evolution of the common work by exercising the rights to reproduce,
distribute, and modify that are granted by the license.

“Originals” (sources or resources of the work) means all copies of either the
initial work or any subsequent work mentioning a date and used by their
author(s) as references for any subsequent updates, interpretations, copies or

“Copy” means any reproduction of an original as defined by this license.

1. OBJECT The aim of this license is to define the conditions under which one
can use this work freely.

2. SCOPE This work is subject to copyright law. Through this license its
author specifies the extent to which you can copy, distribute, and modify it.

2.1 FREEDOM TO COPY (OR TO MAKE REPRODUCTIONS) You have the right to copy this
work for yourself, your friends or any other person, whatever the technique

distribute copies of this work; whether modified or not, whatever the medium
and the place, with or without any charge, provided that you: attach this
license without any modification to the copies of this work or indicate
precisely where the license can be found, specify to the recipient the names
of the author(s) of the originals, including yours if you have modified the
work, specify to the recipient where to access the originals (either initial
or subsequent).  The authors of the originals may, if they wish to, give you
the right to distribute the originals under the same conditions as the copies.

2.3 FREEDOM TO MODIFY You have the right to modify copies of the originals
(whether initial or subsequent) provided you comply with the following
conditions: all conditions in article 2.2 above, if you distribute modified
copies; indicate that the work has been modified and, if it is possible, what
kind of modifications have been made; distribute the subsequent work under the
same license or any compatible license.  The author(s) of the original work
may give you the right to modify it under the same conditions as the copies.

3. RELATED RIGHTS Activities giving rise to author’s rights and related rights
shall not challenge the rights granted by this license.  For example, this is
the reason why performances must be subject to the same license or a
compatible license. Similarly, integrating the work in a database, a
compilation or an anthology shall not prevent anyone from using the work under
the same conditions as those defined in this license.

4. INCORPORATION OF THE WORK Incorporating this work into a larger work that
is not subject to the Free Art License shall not challenge the rights granted
by this license.  If the work can no longer be accessed apart from the larger
work in which it is incorporated, then incorporation shall only be allowed
under the condition that the larger work is subject either to the Free Art
License or a compatible license.

5. COMPATIBILITY A license is compatible with the Free Art License provided:
it gives the right to copy, distribute, and modify copies of the work
including for commercial purposes and without any other restrictions than
those required by the respect of the other compatibility criteria; it ensures
proper attribution of the work to its authors and access to previous versions
of the work when possible; it recognizes the Free Art License as compatible
(reciprocity); it requires that changes made to the work be subject to the
same license or to a license which also meets these compatibility criteria.

6. YOUR INTELLECTUAL RIGHTS This license does not aim at denying your author's
rights in your contribution or any related right. By choosing to contribute to
the development of this common work, you only agree to grant others the same
rights with regard to your contribution as those you were granted by this
license. Conferring these rights does not mean you have to give up your
intellectual rights.

7. YOUR RESPONSIBILITIES The freedom to use the work as defined by the Free
Art License (right to copy, distribute, modify) implies that everyone is
responsible for their own actions.

8. DURATION OF THE LICENSE This license takes effect as of your acceptance of
its terms. The act of copying, distributing, or modifying the work constitutes
a tacit agreement. This license will remain in effect for as long as the
copyright which is attached to the work. If you do not respect the terms of
this license, you automatically lose the rights that it confers.  If the legal
status or legislation to which you are subject makes it impossible for you to
respect the terms of this license, you may not make use of the rights which it

9. VARIOUS VERSIONS OF THE LICENSE This license may undergo periodic
modifications to incorporate improvements by its authors (instigators of the
“Copyleft Attitude” movement) by way of new, numbered versions.  You will
always have the choice of accepting the terms contained in the version under
which the copy of the work was distributed to you, or alternatively, to use
the provisions of one of the subsequent versions.

10. SUB-LICENSING Sub-licenses are not authorized by this license. Any person
wishing to make use of the rights that it confers will be directly bound to
the authors of the common work.

11. LEGAL FRAMEWORK This license is written with respect to both French law
and the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works.


- How to use the Free Art License?  To benefit from the Free Art License, you
  only need to mention the following elements on your work: [Name of the
author, title, date of the work. When applicable, names of authors of the
common work and, if possible, where to find the originals].  Copyleft: This is
a free work, you can copy, distribute, and modify it under the terms of the
Free Art License http://artlibre.org/licence/lal/en/

- Why to use the Free Art License?  1.To give the greatest number of people
  access to your work.  2.To allow it to be distributed freely.  3.To allow it
to evolve by allowing its copy, distribution, and transformation by others.
4.So that you benefit from the resources of a work when it is under the Free
Art License: to be able to copy, distribute or transform it freely.  5.But
also, because the Free Art License offers a legal framework to disallow any
misappropriation. It is forbidden to take hold of your work and bypass the
creative process for one's exclusive possession.

- When to use the Free Art License?  Any time you want to benefit and make
  others benefit from the right to copy, distribute and transform creative
works without any exclusive appropriation, you should use the Free Art
License. You can for example use it for scientific, artistic or educational

- What kinds of works can be subject to the Free Art License?  The Free Art
  License can be applied to digital as well as physical works.  You can choose
to apply the Free Art License on any text, picture, sound, gesture, or
whatever sort of stuff on which you have sufficient author's rights.

- Historical background of this license: It is the result of observing, using
  and creating digital technologies, free software, the Internet and art. It
arose from the “Copyleft Attitude” meetings which took place in Paris in 2000.
For the first time, these meetings brought together members of the Free
Software community, artists, and members of the art world. The goal was to
adapt the principles of Copyleft and free software to all sorts of creations.

Copyleft Attitude, 2007.  You can make reproductions and distribute this
license verbatim (without any changes).

	  Translation : Jonathan Clarke, Benjamin Jean, Griselda Jung, Fanny
Mourguet, Antoine Pitrou.  Thanks to framalang.org

Cette page a été éditée le 20/07/2005